For the first time, new techniques make possible a systematic description of the myriad types of cells in the human body that underlie both health and disease.
We know that the circadian clock keeps time in every living cell, controlling biological processes such as metabolism, cell division, and DNA repair, but we don’t understand how. Gaining such knowledge would not only offer fundamental insights into cellular biochemistry, but could also yield practical results in areas from agriculture to medicine to human aging.
The ability to understand and manipulate the basic molecular constituents of living things has created an extraordinary opportunity to improve human health.
Growing more food, and more nutritious food, for a hungry world is again an urgent challenge. Productivity needs to increase by at least 50 percent.
We Are Seeing Breakthroughs in Treating Cancer—Why Not Alzheimer’s?